Sight words are the most commonly used words in the English language. Accordingly, a majority of the words that we read in a text are considered sight words. For example, I, you, and the account for 10% of all words in printed English! Therefore, students need to know sight words instantly and accurately in order to build fluency and comprehension. In general, teaching sight words employs a “whole language approach,” which means it is not phonics based. However, when sight words are coupled together with phonics, we build strong, confident and fluent readers. To be clear, sight words are not a substitute for teaching phonics. Rather, sight word instruction helps students master reading words that frequently occur in a text so they don’t have to stop and decode every….single….word.
Sight Word Fluency Pyramid Sentences
Sight Word Statistics:
*12 Sight Words make up about 25% of those we read and write.
*100 Sight Words make up about 50% of those we read and write.
*About 300 Sight Words account for 75% of those we read and write.
When we teach sight words strategically, specifically and consistently, we build readers who are confident and fluent!
How do you EFFECTIVELY teach Sight Words?
When I teach sight words, I don’t have students sound them out. Many of the sight words are not decodable with early phonics skills. For example, sounding out the word the for a child, t/h/e does not work. Beginning and struggling readers may not understand how to use the th digraph and the schwa sound to sound out the word the. To help, I always use a non verbal cue of circling the sight word. This indicates that we read the word on demand without sounding it out. To clerify, we sound out other words like CVC words, but not sight words.
In addition, students need repetition and practice reading the word in context to help them master the word. For this reason, the Sight Word Fluency pages allow the students to see the word, trace the word and read the word multiple times in a pyramid sentence. The most effective way to use the Sight Word Fluency Pyramid Sentences is to show the word (upper right hand corner), say the word, trace the word, and read the word in context in a sentence.
Sight Word Fluency Pyramid Sentences in action:
Included in the BIG BUNDLE:
Pre-Primer Edition Sight Words: a, and, away, big, blue, can, come, down, find, for, funny, go, help, here, I, in, is, it, jump, little, look, make, me, my, not, one, play, red, run, said, see, the, three, to, two, up, we, where, yellow, you
Primer Sight Words: all, am, are, at, ate, be, black, brown, but, came, did, do, eat, four, get, good, have, he, into, like, must, new, no, now, on, our, out, please, pretty, ran, ride, saw, say, she, so, soon, that, there, they, this, too, under, want, was, well, went, what, white, who, will, with, yes
1st Grade Sight Words: after, again, an, any, as, ask, by, could, every, fly, from, give, going, had, has, her, him, his, how, just, know, let, live, may, of, old, once, open, over, put, round, some, stop, take, thank, them, then, think, walk, were, when
2nd Grade Sight Words: always, around, because, been, before, best, both, buy, call, cold, does, don’t, fast, first, five, found, gave, goes, green, its, made, many, off, or, pull, read, right, sing, sit, sleep, tell, their, these, those, upon, us, use, very, wash, which, why, wish, work, would, write, your
3rd Grade Sight Words: about, better, bring, carry, clean, cut, done, draw, drink, eight, fall, far, full, got, grow, hold, hot, hurt, if, keep, kind, laugh, light, long, much, myself, never, only, own, pick, seven, shall, show, six, small, start, ten, today, together, try, warm
Here is a look at the Pre-Primer Edition that includes the Pre-Primer Sight Words and CVC words…
The sentence below is comprised of 5 pre-primer sight words: where, is, the, big, red and 1 CVC phonics word: mug.
By providing students with genuine opportunities to read and decode sentences at their reading level, we help them become confident and fluent readers!
On the card below, there are 4 pre-primer sight words (can, you, the and big) in this sentence and two decodable CVC words (get and net).
The Primer Edition will include Primer sight words, CVCe sight words and a review of CVC words. The star at the on the E in the CVCe word indicates that the vowel is long and the e is silent. This is the “magic e”
The First Grade Edition will include First Grade sight words, beginning and ending blend short vowel words and a review of CVCe word. The blend words are indicated by the two dots and a line linked together. This reminds the student that this is a blend word.
I hope this makes learning sight words fun and effective!